Asparagus is the official member of the lily family having an existence from about 20 centuries. It is popular in home gardens and an excellent source of Vitamin A; along with significant levels of phosphorus, calcium, thiamine, Vitamin C and riboflavin.
Asparagus is perennial and will get production for many years to come if it is properly planted and maintained. The roots exist in underground area and rhizomes are the compact stems of this plant. The storage of food is in root area and the production of shoots is edible in nature. The non-harvested spears appear like bushes and carbohydrates are stored in the roots. Asparagus includes male and female plants. Female plants live lesser than the male ones.
Asparagus grows in cool temperatures without frosting conditions. It produces and survives the significant yields at a suitable location. It can survive with other plants and vegetables. Asparagus needs to be planted at a location with 7-8 hours of sunlight. North or east parts of the slopes are preferred for west or south direction slopes. It survives on the well drained loose soil. Clayey soil should be avoided as they restrict the root development. Extreme sandy or loose soil can even be negative for apple. The preferable pH of the soil is 6-6.5. for further info, click : http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/vegetables/growing-asparagus-in-minnesota-home-gardens/
There are many varieties of Asparagus. ‘Maratha Washington’ is the old variety of Asparagus. The newer versions have higher sugar content and the names are ‘Purple Passion’ and ‘Mary Washington’. The number of male plants is always higher than the female plants and it is due to the hybrid asparagus varieties released. Soil samples are taken to determine the planting levels of Asparagus. The plant is dormant usually in the months of February or March. The plants can be grown from the seeds, but it is not recommended from home gardeners. Crown farming can be done for the best plantation. The procedure is as follows:
- Dig a trench of about 6-9 inches deep and place crowns at the bottom
- Plant the trees 15-20 inches apart and give a gap of 3-5 feet between two rows.
- Cover the plants with 2-5 inches of soil, depending on the soil
- Fill in the trench after the plant picks up its growth
- Try not to fill in the gaps in the old plantation with new ones as old plants will prohibit the right growth of new young plants
- Give sufficient water once in a week to make the surface about 1 feet deep
- Drip irrigation is preferable for the plants to make them appear right
Asparagus can grow in a right way if it doesn’t have weeds around. The plant can be subjected to diseases like rust, crown rot or fusarium root. Beetles are the major attackers for asparagus and can be killed by home garden chemicals. The old foliage can be removed in the freezing weather. Harvesting of Asparagus shouldn’t be done in its plantation years. It is preferred to be harvested in third year (about 3-4 weeks) and thereafter, the duration increases up to 8 weeks. click here for more about Asparagus.